Campuses have their own unique, different design systems from commercial, office, residential and other building types, as well as in terms of green energy efficiency. What do we need to pay attention to on campus green building design, and the editor has summarized the following 8 points for you today.
- Ensuring the health of student life
The main purpose of using green buildings in colleges and universities is to provide a comfortable and healthy living and learning environment for students and to minimize the harm caused by air pollution and other pollution to students’ bodies. Therefore, in green building design, building materials need to be non-toxic materials. Similar incidents like the “poisonous runway” should be resolutely prevented.
- Reduced energy consumption
- Reduction of transport consumption
Green building design should take into account the energy consumption of building materials themselves, to ensure the rational application of building materials and to achieve energy saving purposes.
- reduce energy consumption in the process of building use
Reducing energy consumption in the construction process is beneficial to the development of economic, social and environmental benefits, so it is important for universities to reduce energy consumption control in the process of green building design.
- Rational use of resources
- Clean energy use
Clean energy mainly refers to wind energy, water energy, solar energy, etc., because they all belong to environmental protection energy itself. For example, in the process of green building design in universities, roof design should make full use of solar energy, and can use solar photovoltaic roof, solar power wall and solar glass.
- The recycling of materials
Many of our colleges and universities have a long history of architecture, but many of the older buildings are not necessarily environmentally friendly and green. Therefore, renovation or new campus buildings need to consider green building design. Reasonable use of building resources, in new buildings to improve the recycling of building materials, reduce energy waste and construction waste emissions, which is also the main aspects of green building design.
- Emphasis on the overall design of the building
For green building design, the overall design has a certain influence on the quality and performance of the building, and to a certain extent determines the reasonableness of the human and physical resources invested in the green building. Therefore, when carrying out green building design, the university should start from the building as a whole, make a comprehensive investigation of the local climate, economy and human environment, make overall planning for the architectural design scheme, and further improve the overall effect of the green building, resulting in being able to integrate with the whole campus.
- Green buildings need to adapt to local conditions
Green building design in universities should take into account the local environment and human characteristics at the beginning of design, which are also the main influencing factors in green building design. Usually, the green buildings in each region have to take into account the climatic conditions, sunshine days, wind direction, water and other factors, and only by fully considering these factors can we ensure that the building meets the practical needs of students and teachers, and at the same time achieve the purpose of energy saving and emission reduction.
- Respect for the environmental conditions of the Base
In order to ensure the economy, comfort, safety and convenience of the building, the environmental concept should be carried through the entire design process, based on the building’s natural ecological environment factors, regional human characteristics, relevant climate conditions, water resources, land use, transportation and infrastructure conditions, energy systems, regional human environment and other information into the building design and planning process, as much as possible to combine green building, natural ecological and human factors, to further improve the comfort and health of the living environment of residents, in order to maximize the use of resources and materials.
- Increasing the lifetime of the building
The first thing is to use durable materials to extend the life of the building. The best way is to make the service life of building materials and the building synchronized, so as to reduce the replacement of materials and maintenance and thus save costs. Secondly, a flexible and adaptable design approach should be adopted to adjust the design scheme according to the actual situation and actual needs.
- Meeting the principle of economic suitability
From the long-term significance of ecological development, green architecture can not only reduce the consumption of energy and resources, but also reduce the cost of building investment and protect the sustainable development of the ecological environment. Green building design can reduce later maintenance costs and renovation costs, so it has a positive role in promoting the overall development of China’s construction industry.